Iraq is a country situated in the Middle East and has been element of Ottoman Empire and was colonized by British. She has been residence to major civilization like Assyria, Babylonia, and Sumer. The modern day Iraq was produced in 1932 right after attaining independence from Britain. Even so, the country became a republic in 1958 with Baghdad as the capital city of the nation (CIA Reality book, 2009). Iraq has a extended history of participation in significant wars. 3 major wars that it has participated consist of Iran-Iraq border dispute war, Gulf War, and U.S led war on terror. Iraq has had territorial dispute with Iran which led to an 8 year war that ultimately culminated in its invasion of Kuwait. She invaded Kuwait in 1990 but was removed from in the course of the Gulf War which was led by United Nations forces. Iraq was invaded by U.S led forces in 2003 in War on Terror which eventually led to toppling of Dictator Saddam Hussein. Iraq is one of the main producers of oil in the Middle East (CIA Fact book, 2009).
Geographically, Iraq is situated in Middle East at the tip of Persian Gulf amongst Iran and Kuwait. She has a lengthy coast line along the Persian Gulf stretching for much more than 30 kilometers even though the maritime boundaries have been a contentious issue with Iran. Iraq has a total land area which measures up to 438,317 square kilometers. The nation has variable climatic regions but it is primarily a desert country with plains, reedy marshes, and mountainous regions along the borders (Simons, 2004). The nation is rich in organic sources which contain petroleum, natural gas, sulfur, and phosphate. Only a small percentage of the total land is arable and agricultural sector is not properly created.
Iraq is a republic recognized as Republic of Iraq as declared in 1958 (CIA Fact book, 2009). The nation has a government which is made up of three branches which include executive, legislative, and judicial. Even so, this republican status has been undermined by years of rule under strongmen like Saddam Hussein but presently she is locating her democratic space by means of with much bloodshed. The nation has a parliamentary democracy given that the overthrow of Saddam Hussein and consequently adjustments in of constitution in 2005 which permitted for election of leaders representing governing divisions. The country has eighteen administrative divisions referred to as governorates which have representatives in the country parliament and government officials (Axeland, 1996). The nation has legal method is based on European civil and Islamic laws. European civil laws were inherited from years of British rule while Islamic laws emanate from key religious group in the country. The nation is a multiparty democracy with a lot of political parties. Iraq can be considered a young democracy considering that most of the political parties had been formed only right after the U.S led invasion and overthrow of strongman Saddam Hussein.
Iraq has a total population of 28,945,657. Age distribution is varied by majority of the individuals, 58.2% of the population amongst 15 and 64 years. The country has a medium population development rate presently estimated to be at two.507% (CIA Reality book, 2009). Iraq also has a medium population density which currently stands at six persons per square kilometers even though population density varies with regions.
Iraq is a single of the countries in the Middle East hat have seasoned a higher rate of urbanization. Due to industrialization in the nation driven by oil wealth, only handful of people have been left in the rural locations practicing agriculture. The country has a high price of urbanization with 67% of the population living in urban areas even though 33% live in rural regions. Most of these living in the rural locations mostly practice agriculture (CIA Fact book, 2009).
The country has two big ethnic groups like Arab generating 75-80% of the population and Kurds producing 15-20% of the population. Other groups like Turkmen, Assyrian, Jews, and others make 5% of the population (CIA Reality book, 2009). The official language recognized all through the nation is Arabic. Other frequently spoken languages contain Kurdish, Assyrian, and Armenian.
Iraq is a religious nation and religion plays an critical a role in administrative functions. Majority of the folks in Iraq are Muslims who make up 96% of the population. Christian tends to make up 3% of the population and the rest constitute only 1% (CIA Truth book, 2009).
Education and wellness
Although the nation has been ravaged by war, life expectancy stands at 69.9 years on average. This contains 71.three years for females and 68.6 years for males. Infant mortality is still high at the moment standing at 44 deaths per every single 1,000 lives (CIA Reality book, 2009). Nonetheless, Iraq has performed poorly in education. The country has a low literacy price which stands at 41.1%. This involves 25.two% for females and 56.6% for males. The school life expectancy in the country stands at 10 years. College life expectancy is 11 years for male and eight years for female (CIA Truth book, 2009).
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Sam is a jeweler in Toronto working out of a shop in St. Lawrence Market. He came from Iraq, but he did not say a lot else about himself, but was rather curious about me. He asked me what my job was, then exactly where I went to school and what I was studying when I told him I didn’t have one particular. He asked me to send him the photographs I took of him. He did not have an e mail address, but he asked his wife to give me hers. A simple man, generating a living with a hobby he enjoys, happily married to a stunning lady really admirable!
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